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Turquia lança operação na Síria
25 | Outubro | 2019

Após a retirada das forças norte-americanas do norte da Síria, a Turquia lançou uma operação militar no território contra as Forças Democráticas Sírias, compostas essencialmente pelos curdos do YPG, aliados de longa data dos Estados Unidos. Sofrendo pesadas baixas e com território perdido, os curdos negoceiam agora com Assad e Putin. Qual o impacto desta nova escalada no conflito da Síria para a Europa, os Estados Unidos e as dinâmicas políticas e de segurança no Médio Oriente?


| Opiniões & Análises | Editoriais | Notícias


Who’s Who in Northern Syria? [11/10/2019]
Lindsay Maizland, CFR

Treasury Developing New Authorities to Target Turkey for Any Potential Human Rights Abuses or Destabilizing Actions in Syria [11/10/2019]
U.S. Department of the Treasury

Kurds, Turkey and the U.S.: 5 Years of Tension, Alliances and Conflict [10/10/2019]
Russell Goldman, New York Times

Why is Turkey invading northeast Syria? [09/10/2019]
Middle East Eye

Why Is Turkey Fighting the Kurds in Syria? [09/10/2019]
Megan Specia, New York Times

Explainer: Turkey set to redraw map of Syrian war once more [07/10/2019]

The Time of the Kurds (InfoGuide)


Opiniões & Análises
The Betrayal of the Kurds [11/2019]
Peter W. Galbraith, New York Review of Books

What Was the Point of the Syria ‘Withdrawal’? [25/10/2019]
Kathy Gilsinan, The Atlantic

Putin Takes Center Stage in Syria [25/10/2019]
Stanly Johny, The Hindu

Turkey and Russia: A Remarkable Rapprochement [24/10/2019]
Michael A. Reynolds, War on the Rocks

Siria, los kurdos y los aliados de usar y tirar [24/10/2019]
Eduard Soler i Lecha, El Periódico

Fact-checking Trump’s spin about the ‘great outcome’ in Syria [24/10/2019]
Glenn Kessler, Washington Post

Erdogan Has No Idea What He’s Doing in Syria [23/10/2019]
Steven A. Cook, Foreign Policy

Turkey's Offensive in Northeastern Syria: The Expected, the Surprising, and the Still Unknown [23/10/2019]
Gallia Lindenstrauss and Eldad Shavit, INSS

A Reckoning in Syria and What it Means for the Middle East [23/10/2019]
Bob Schieffer, CSIS

Siria y los kurdos: la pelota en el tejado de Rusia [23/10/2019]
Miguel Fernández Ibáñez, ES Global

The 1983 Beirut Barracks Bombing, and the Current U.S. Retreat from Syria [23/10/2019]
Robin Wright, New Yorker

Turkey's safe zone in Syria does not look like a temporary 'fix' [22/10/2019]
Barçin Yinanç, Hurriyet Daily News

TTake 360: Repercussions from Turkey’s Intervention in Northeastern Syria [22/10/2019]
Ian Lesser, Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, Jonathan D. Katz, Jessica Bither & Dario Cristiani, GMF

Russian Media Cheers Trump’s Moves in Syria: ‘Putin Won the Lottery!’ [19/10/2019]
Julia Davis, Daily Beast

Time to Bite the Bullet in Syria [18/10/2019]
Carl Bildt, Project Syndicate

Syria strains Turkey’s ties to the West even after US withdrawal? [18/10/2019]
Nicholas Danforth, Elcano

Trump’s Retreat from Syria Puts the French-U.S. Alliance to the Test [17/10/2019]
Alexandra de Hoop Scheffer, Martin Quencez

The High Price of Trump’s Great Betrayal [17/10/2019]
Richard N. Haass, Project Syndicate

Guerra civil en Siria, tercer acto: la invasión turca [16/10/2019]
Félix Arteaga, Elcano

Turquía y Siria, frente a frente (y los kurdos de por medio) [16/10/2019]
Ricardo Ginés, ES Global

“Trump first, America less” [15/10/2019]
por Andrés Ortega, Elcano

Turquía se salta todas las señales en Siria [14/10/2019]
Jesús A. Núñez Villaverde, Elcano

How Will the SDF React to Turkey’s Invasion? [13/10/2019]
Wladimir van Wilgenburg, FIKRA Forum

Trump and Erdoğan risk a resurgent Isis thanks to their recklessness in Syria [13/10/2019]
Hassan Hassan, The Guardian

How long should Turkey rely on Trump on Syria? [12/10/2019]
Serkan Demirtaş, Hurriyet Daily News

Erdoğan has managed the unthinkable: uniting all the other Middle East rivals [12/10/2019]
Simon Tisdall, The Guardian

Trump and Erdogan have much in common – and the Kurds will be the tragic victims of their idiocy [12/10/2019]
Robert Fisk, The Independent

A obsessão da Turquia com os curdos [11/10/2019]
José Pedro Teixeira Fernandes, Público

Why Turkey Took the Fight to Syria [11/10/2019]
Mevlut Cavusoglu, New York Times

Turkey’s Syria Incursion: What Spurred It, And What’s Next? [11/10/2019]
Soner Cagaptay, Washington Institute

Turkey's op risks further cooling ties with West, Arab world [11/10/2019]
Serkan Demirtaş, Hurriyet Daily News

Turkey's 'Spring of Peace' could become a winter of war in Syria [11/10/2019]
Kaveh Afrasiabi, Middle East Eye

Is Erdogan resettlement plan for Syrian refugees really viable? [11/10/2019]
Sibel Hurtas, Al Monitor

There’s Always a Next Time to Betray the Kurds [11/10/2019]
Steven A. Cook, Foreign Policy

Ankara's Offenses, Moscow's Advances [11/10/2019]
Maxim Trudolyubov, Wilson Center

The West Owns Syria’s Disaster [11/10/2019]
Jasmin Mujanović, Foreign Policy

10 Points to Understand Events in Syrian Kurdistan [11/10/2019]
Ariel Paz-Sawicki, Times of Israel

Erdoğan, war and the making of the new Turkish state [10/10/2019]
Gökhan Bacık, Ahval

Trump’s betrayal of Kurds hastens waning of US power [10/10/2019]
Edward Luce, Financial Times

Turkey has multiphase game plan for Syria operation [10/10/2019]
Metin Gurcan, Al Monitor

Turkey’s Erdogan tests the limits of Trump’s threats [10/10/2019]
Adam Taylor, Washington Post

After Trump's betrayal, Syrian Kurds face tough choices [10/10/2019]
Bashdar Pusho Ismaeel, Middle East Eye

How Trump Just Destroyed His Own Syria Strategy [09/10/2019]
Josh Rogin, The Washington Post

The US played down Turkey’s concerns about Syrian Kurdish forces. That couldn’t last. [09/10/2019]
Amanda Sloat, Brookings Institution

Trump’s Syria announcement is a change of speed — not a change of direction [09/10/2019]
Morgan L. Kaplan, Washington Post

Turkey’s Endgame in Syria: What Erdogan Wants [09/10/2019]
Gonul Tol, Foreign Affairs

Turkey’s Syria Offensive Puts Alliance with U.S. Near Breaking Point [09/10/2019]
Soner Cagaptay, Axios

The sharp shift on Syria [09/10/2019]
Brigid O'Farrell, The Interpreter

Trump’s betrayal of Kurds fits long history of western duplicity [09/10/2019]
Vincent Durac, Irish Times

Donald Trump's Syria Withdrawal: Are We Asking the Right Questions? [09/10/2019]
Paul R. Pillar, National Interest

Turkey wants to destroy us. Trump just gave them a green light. [09/10/2019]
Hemin Kobane, Washington Post

Trump’s Syria Withdrawal Doesn’t Put America First, It Puts Our Adversaries First [09/10/2019]
Blaise Misztal, Daily Caller

Sinking Deeper into the Syrian Quagmire [09/10/2019]
Ali Tuygan, EDAM

Turkey Has Legitimate Grievances Against the U.S. [08/10/2019]
Michael Doran & Michael A. Reynolds, Wall Street Journal

Turkey Prepares for Action in Northeast Syria: Military-Strategic Assessment [08/10/2019]
Can Kasapoğlu, EDAM

What Donald Trump’s decision to abandon Kurdish fighters in Syria means for the Kurds, Assad and Russia [08/10/2019]
Ali Bilgic, The Conversation

“Aliados passam a duvidar da ajuda de Trump” após abandono dos curdos [08/10/2019]
José Pedro Teixeira Fernandes, Renascença

Turkey’s Syria move aims to solve several problems but could create new ones [08/10/2019]
Bulent Aras, Middle East Eye

‘Too big to handle’: Turkey invasion of Syria risks provoking ire from all sides [08/10/2019]
Borzou Daragahi, The Independent

Fighting impeachment at home, Trump surrenders in Syria [08/10/2019]
Joe Macaron, Al Jazeera

Trump’s Troop Withdrawal Gives Turkey Access to Syria—and ISIS Space to Rebuild [08/10/2019]
Dana Stroul, NBC News

In Syria, America Had No Good Options [07/10/2019]
Susan E. Rice, The Atlantic

Trump’s Jacksonian Syria Withdrawal [07/10/2019]
Walter Russell Mead, Wall Street Journal

The Syrian Conflict Is About to Intensify [07/10/2019]
Steven A. Cook, CFR

SDF's Arab Majority Rank Turkey as the Biggest Threat to NE Syria: Survey Data on America's Partner Forces [07/10/2019]
Amy Austin Holmes, Wilson Center

The Implications of a Turkish Intervention in Northeastern Syria [07/10/2019]
Will Todman, CSIS

As the Syrian Civil War drags on, the world must not turn its back on it [06/10/2019]
Janine di Giovanni, The National

Syria ‘safe zone’: What’s in it for Kurds? [22/09/2019]
Arnab Neil Sengupta, Rudaw

The State of the Turkish-Kurdish Conflict [12/08/2019]
Max Hoffman, Center for American Progress

Hard Truths in Syria: America Can’t Do More With Less, and It Shouldn’t Try [05/2019]
Brett McGurk, Foreign Affairs

Trump's Syria decision leaves Kurdish allies in the lurch [20/12/2018]
Robert Malley, Axios

The Implications of the Syrian War for new Regional Orders in the Middle East [09/2018]
Rami G. Khouri, CIDOB


Kurdes: la honte et la guerre [11/10/2019]
Le Monde

Turkey's illegal invasion of Syria could have irrevocable consequences [10/10/2019]
The National

Infinite crisis: On Turkish incursion into Syria [10/10/2019]
The Hindu

For the PKK in Syria, the end is here [09/10/2019]
Daily Sabah

La diplomatie irresponsable de Donald Trump [08/10/2019]
Le Monde

Trump and Syria: damage has been done [08/10/2019]
The Guardian

Does Donald Trump Know What His Syria Policy Is? [07/10/2019]
New York Times

The safe zone plays to Erdogan's imperial aims [07/10/2019]
The National

Trump’s Syria decision reflects his stunning ignorance of the situation [07/10/2019]
Washington Post

Erdogan’s attack on Syrian Kurds is a bid to flex his muscles [05/08/2019]
The National 


Kremlin tells YPG to withdraw or 'be mauled' by Turkish army [23/10/2019]
Daily Sabah

YPG continues pullout from Syria safe zone, some militants disguise as civilians: sources [21/10/2019]
Mustafa Kirikçioğlu, Daily Sabah

Turkey’s Border Towns Pay Deadly Price for Erdogan’s Syria Incursion [21/10/2019]
Carlotta Gall and Mauricio Lima, New York Times

ISIS Reaps Gains of U.S. Pullout From Syria [21/10/2019]
David D. Kirkpatrick and Eric Schmitt, New York Times

Turkey to take necessary steps in Syria after meeting with Putin: Erdoğan [21/10/2019]
Huriyet Daily News

Abandoned by U.S. in Syria, Kurds Find New Ally in American Foe [21/10/2019]
Ben Hubbard, Charlie Savage, Eric Schmitt & Patrick Kingsley, New York Times

The U.S. Spoiled a Deal That Might Have Saved the Kurds, Former Top Official Says [14/10/2019]
Christopher Dickey & Spencer Ackerman, Daily Beast

Syrie: l’UE ne parvient pas à imposer un embargo sur les ventes d’armes à la Turquie [14/10/2019]
Le Monde

Syrian troops enter towns in northeast as Erdogan warns of wider offensive [14/10/2019]
Erin Cunningham, Sarah Dadouch & Kareem Fahim, Washington Post

Réduits à solliciter le renfort de Damas, les Kurdes pleurent la fin d’un monde [13/10/2019]
Allan Kaval, Le Monde

U.S. Military to Withdraw from Northern Syria [13/10/2019]
Nancy A. Youssef & Gordon Lubold, Wall Street Journal

Lindsey Graham: Trump’s vow to sanction Turkey 'a game changer’ [13/10/2019]

Chaos in Syria: ISIS Detainees Escape as the U.S. Pulls Out [13/10/2019]
Robin Wright, New Yorker

ISIS Supporters Escape Syria Camp, U.S. Troops Pull Out as Turkish Forces Advance [13/10/2019]

As Trump withdraws U.S. forces from northern Syria, his administration scrambles to respond [13/10/2019]
Karen DeYoung, Dan Lamothe, Missy Ryan & Kareem Fahim, Washington Post

Kurds strike deal with Russia and Syria to stem Turkish assault [12/10/2019]
Chloe Cornish, Laura Pitel & Lauren Fedor, Financial Times

Turkey takes control of Syria's Ras al-Ayn as op enters fourth day [12/10/2019]
Hurriyet Daily News

In Syria, U.S. pullout and Turkish assault sparks exodus to anywhere that feels safe [12/10/2019]
Louisa Loveluck, Erin Cunningham & Asser Khattab, Washington Post

U.S. troops caught in Turkish shelling [11/10/2019]

Turkey says Syria push 'won't stop' despite displacement concerns [11/10/2019]
Al Jazeera

France Says EU Summit Will Discuss Turkey Sanctions Next Week [11/10/2019]

Christian Communities in Northeast Syria Are the Target of a Turkish Attack for the First Time in Over a Century [11/10/2019]
Matthew Petti, National Interest

How far will Turkey go with its invasion of Syrian Kurdistan? [11/10/2019]
Paul Iddon, Rudaw

Turkey intensifies Syria campaign as Islamic State strikes Kurds [11/10/2019]
Daren Butler & Ellen Francis, Reuters

US, Russia refuse to issue joint statement on Turkey’s Syria operation in divided UNSC session [11/10/2019]
Hurriyet Daily News

ISIS Rears Its Head, Adding to Chaos as Turkey Battles Kurds [11/10/2019]
Carlotta Gall & Patrick Kingsley, New York Times

Intel: How Trump is trying to get ahead of Congress on Turkey sanctions [11/10/2019]
Bryant Harris, Al Monitor

‘Operation Peace Spring’ enters third day, ‘neutralizes’ 342 terrorists [11/10/2019]
Hurriyet Daily News

Pentagon Chief: ‘We Are Not Abandoning the Kurds’ [11/10/2019]
Lara Seligman, Foreign Policy

NATO ally Norway suspends new arms sales to Turkey over Syria offensive [11/10/2019]
Times of Israel

Turkey Syria offensive: Heavy fighting on second day of assault [10/10/2019]

Russia understands Turkey's border security concerns, says Russian FM [10/10/2019]
Hurriyet Daily News

Europe ‘Lacks Leverage’ Over Turkey Amid Erdogan Migrant Threat [10/10/2019]
France 24

Turkish offensive in Syria a success, will go on, leaders say [10/10/2019]
Darryl Coote, UPI

Trump not worried about Isis fighters fleeing Syria because ‘they’re going to be escaping to Europe’ [10/10/2019]
Samuel Osborne, The Independent

Turkey’s Erdogan warns EU not to call Syria operation an ‘invasion,’ threatens to let Syrian refugees flood Europe [10/10/2019]
Associated Press

Russia and Iran reaction to Syria assault likely to most concern Erdoğan [10/10/2019]
Patrick Wintour, The Guardian

Turkey military operation much larger than anticipated: analysts [10/10/2019]
Tessa Fox, Al Jazeera

World reacts to Turkey's military operation in northeast Syria [10/10/2019]
Al Jazeera

Turkish offensive triggers exodus of aid workers from Syria [10/10/2019]
Peter Beaumont & Martin Chulov, The Guardian

Los republicanos se desmarcan de Trump y negocian con los demócratas sanciones a Turquía [10/10/2019]
Pablo Guimón, El País

U.N. Security Council to discuss Syria on Thursday after Turkey takes military action: diplomats [09/10/2019]
Michelle Nichols, Reuters

Turkey’s invasion of Syria presents dilemma for Russia [09/10/2019]
Michael Jansen, Irish Times

Trump downplays U.S. alliance with Syrian Kurds, saying ‘they didn’t help us in the Second World War’ [09/10/2019]
Karen DeYoung, Missy Ryan & Dan Lamothe, Washington Post

Iran Holds Military Drills Near Turkey, Tells It to Stop Syria Attack [09/10/2019]
Tom O'Connor, Newsweek

La operación turca en Siria empuja a los kurdos al diálogo con Damasco [09/10/2019]
Natalia Sancha, El País

Turkey plans a Syrian ‘safe zone.’ Advocates fear a ‘death trap.’ [09/10/2019]
Siobhán O'Grady, Washington Post

'On the edge of a humanitarian catastrophe': Turkish offensive begins [09/10/2019]
Martin Chulov & Mohammed Rasool, The Guardian

Erdogan orders Turkish offensive against northern Syria as Kurds mobilize civilian defense [09/10/2019]
Kareem Fahim, Karen DeYoung & Asser Khattab, Washington Post

Trump shifts tone on Turkey in effort to halt Syria invasion [09/10/2019]
Robert Burns, Matthew Lee & Deb Riechmann, Associated Press

Kurdish forces mobilize in Syria amid worries Turkey will invade region [09/10/2019]
Yaron Steinbuch, New York Post

IS claims attack on Raqqa as Kurds brace for Turkish assault [09/10/2019]
Middle East Online

Republicans assail Trump’s decision to pull troops from northern Syria as Turkey readies offensive [08/10/2019]
Karen DeYoung, Missy Ryan, Kareem Fahim & Sarah Dadouch, Washington Post

Kurdistan Region officials call on Russia to protect Kurds in northern Syria [08/10/2019]
Faidhi Dri, Rudaw

Turkish invasion of Syria: What happens now? [08/10/2019]
Gulf News

Turkish invasion of Syria would be 'godsend' for ISIS, experts warn [08/10/2019]
NBC News

Turkey fires first shots: Ankara bombs Kurdish supply route ahead of invasion to create a 'peace corridor' along border just hours after Trump pulls US troops - as president reveals he has invited Erdogan to the White House next month [08/10/2019]
Daily Mail

Trump declares ‘time for us to get out’ of Syria as Republicans object [07/10/2019]
Boston Globe

Trump Endorses Turkish Military Operation in Syria, Shifting U.S. Policy [07/10/2019]
Eric Schmitt, Maggie Haberman & Edward Wong, The New York Times

Las milicias kurdas entregan a El Asad una ciudad estratégica para impedir el avance turco [29/12/2018]
Juan Carlos Sanz, El País

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